Standard Reference Source List

Jump to Location/Source References

The list of paintings which follows the bibliography contains signature abbreviations immediately after the painting name. A full explanation for each abbreviation may be found at the beginning of the Standard Source Reference List below. The paintings list also includes the location and/or source of the painting.

The dictionary also includes a list of paintings by subject. In some cases, little-known or less painted areas are listed under the heading of miscellaneous.


A Perkins, Robert F.,Jr., and William J. Gavin III, eds. The Boston Athenaeum Art Exhibition Index, 1827-1874. Boston: Library of the Boston Athenaeum, 1980.
AAA Archives of American Art (see Location / Source Reference List).
AAU American Art-Union(see ''C'').
B Benjamin, S. G. W. Art in America. New York: Harper and Row, 1880.
Ba Baigell, Matthew. Dictionary of American Art. New York: Harper and Row, 1979.
Be Benezit, Emmanuel. Dictionnaire critique et documentaire de peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs de tous les temps et de tous les pays... Nouv. ed. 8 vols., Paris, 1945-55.
C Cowdrey, Mary bartlett. American Academy of Fine Arts and American Art- Union. 2 vols. New York: New-York Historical Society, 1953.
Ce Cowdrey, [Mary] Bartlett. National Academy of Design Exhibition record, 1826-1860. 2 vols. New York, 1943.
Co Collins, J. L. Women Artists in America. Chattanooga, TN: University of Tennessee, 1973.
C&H Clement, Clara Erkine, and Laurence Hutton. Artists of the Nineteenth Cen- tury and Their Works. Boston: Houghton Mifflin and Co., 1880.
DAB Johnson, Allen, and Dumas Malone, eds. Dictionary of American Biography. 11 vols. New York, 1946.
E Ebert, John and Katherine. Old American Prints of Collectors. New York: Charles Scribner and Sons, Inc., 1974.
F Carr, James F., compiler. Mantle Fielding's Dictionary of American painters, Sculptors and Engravers with an Addendum Containing Corrections and Ad- ditional Material on the Original Entries. New York: James F. Carr, publisher, 1965 (Fielding first published in 1926).
F(sup) Fielding supplement. See Above.
G&W Groce, George C., and David H. Wallace. The New-York Historical Socie- ty's Dictionary of Artists in America, 1564-1860. New Haven: Yale Univer- sity Press, 1969 (first published in 1957).
K Koke, Richard J., compiler. American Landscape and Genre Painting in the New-York Historical Society. Boston: G. K. Hall and Co., 1962.
Ka Karolik, M. and M. Collection of American Water Colors and Drawings: 1800-1875. 2 vols. Boston: Boston Museum of Fine Arts, 1962.
N Naylor, Maria. The National Academy of Design Exhibition Record, 1861-1900. New York: Kennedy Galleries, 1973.
NAD National Academy of Design (see 'Ce' and 'N').
PAFA Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (see 'R').
R Rutledge, Anna Wells. Cumulative Record of Exhibition Catalogues, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1807-1870; the Society of Artists, 1800-1814; the Artist's Fund Society, 1835-1845. Philadelphia: 1955.
S Smith, Ralph Clifton. Biographical Index of American Artists. Charleston, SC: Garnier and CO., 1929.
T Tuckerman, Henry T. Book of the Artists. American Artists Life....New York: F. Carr, Inc., 1967(reprint, first published in 1867).

Location/Source Reference List

The painting descriptions in Section I are followed by an abbreviated version of the location or information source name. The complete addresses or citations for the most commonly used sources may be found in the alphabetical list below.


1823 Gazeteer John Farmer and Jacob B. Moore. A Gazeteer of the State of New Hampshire, embellished with an accurate map of the state and several other engravings by Abel Bowen. Concord: Jacob B. Moore, 1823.
3rd Art of Northern New England Show Cardigan Mountain School, Canaan, New Hampshire.
Adams-Davidson Gallery, Inc 3233 P St. N.W., Washington, DC 20007
Albany Institute of History and Art 125 Washington Ave., Albany, NY 12210.
Aldine, The A nineteenth-century periodical. New-York Historical Society.
Alexander Gallery 996 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10021.
Allen Memorial Art Museum Oberlin, OH 44174
America Illustrated Williams, J. David, ed. America Illustrated. Boston: DeWolfe, Fiske and Co., Publishers, 1883.
American Antiquarian Society Park and Salisbury Sts., Worcester, MA 01609
American Art Journal 40 West 57th St., New York, NY 10019
Amherst College See Mead Art Gallery.
Anderson Auction Galleries A nineteenth-century gallery and precursor to Parke-Bernet (now Sotheby Parke-Bernet).
Antiques The Magazine Antiques. 551 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10176
Appalachia 5 Joy St., Boston, MA 02108
Appleton's Journal Appleton's Journal of Literature, Science and Art. Boston Public Library (see below).
Archives of American Art and Archives of American Art Journal 8th and F Sts., N.W., Washington, DC 20560.
Argosy Book Stores 116 East 59th St., New York, NY 10022.
Art and Antiques 1515 Broadway, New York, Ny 10036.
Austin Arts Center Trinity College, Summit St., Hartford, CT 06106
Babcock Gallery New York, NY.
Baridoff Gallery 242 Middle St., Portland, ME 04101.
Berry Hill Galleries 242 Middle St., Portland, ME 04101.
BIAP - Bicentennial Inventory of American Paintings Nation Museum of AMerican Art, Smithsonian Insitution, Washington, DC 20560.
Bierstadt Exhibiton, New Bedford, 1858 ''Catalog of the New-Bedford Art Exhibiton commencing July 1st and closing Aug. 7th, 1858...,'' New Bedford (MA) Public Library.
Bliss, Elam. American Landscape
Esther Bloch, The Art Searcher 13 Leslie O. Johnson Rd., Gloucester, MA 01930.
Boston Art Club Boston Public Libary, Boston, MA (see below).
Boston Museum of Fine Arts 479 Huntington Ave., Boston MA 02115
Boston Public Library P.O. Box 286, Boston, MA 02117.
Richard Bourne, Inc. Corporation St., Hyannis, MA 02601
Bowdoin College Museum of Art Walker Art Building, Brunswick, ME 04011.
Brooklyn Art Association Marlor, Clark S. History of the Brooklyn Art Association with an Index of Exhibtions. New York: James F. Carr, Inc., 1970.
Brooklyn Museum 188 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, NY 11238.
Buffalo Bill Historical Center Cody, WY 82414
Butler Institute of American Art Youngstown, Ohio 44502.
Century Association 7 West 43rd St., New York, NY 10036.
Champney, Benjamin Sixty Years of Memories of Art and Artists Woburn, MA, 1899.
Chapellier Gallery Formerly of New York, NY (22 East 80th St.).
Chicago Institute of Art Michigan Ave. at Adams St., Chicago, IL 60603.
Childs Gallery 169 Newbury St., Boston, MA 02116.
Christie, Mason and Woods, International 502 park Ave., New York, NY 10022.
Chrysler Museum Norfolk, VA 23510.
Cleveland Museum 11150 East Blvd., Cleveland, OH 44126
Coe Kerr Gallery 49 East 82nd St., New York, NY 10028.
Colonel Town Community House Lancaster, NH 03584.
Thomas Colville See Gallery 44.
Conway Historical Society Conway, NH 03818.
Conway Public Library Conway, NH 03818.
Cooper-Hewitt Museum 9 East 90th St., New York, NY 10028.
Corcoran Gallery 17th St. and New York Ave. N.W., Washington, DC 2006.
Crawford House Auction Crawford Notch, NH, M. D. Straw, Jr., and Emory Sanders, Auctioneers, Seabrook and New London, NH (July 26-29, 1976)
Crayon Durand, J., and W.J. Stillman. The Crayon. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, Inc. 1970.
Currier Gallery of Art 172 Orange St., Manchester, NH 03104
Bernard Danenberg Gallery 945 5th Ave., New York, NY 10021.
Danforth Museum 123 Union Ave., Framingham, MA 01701.
Elizabeth R. Daniel, dealer 2 Gooseneck Rd., Chapel Hill, NC 27514.
Daring Young Men Dickason, David Howard. Daring Young Men. Indiana University Press, 1953.
Darrah, William Culp The World of Stereographs. Gettysburg, PA: Darrah, 1977.
Dartmouth College Art Galleries Hanover, NH 03755.
Delaware Art Museum 100 West 14th Ave. Parkway, Denver, CO 80204.
Denver Art Museum 100 West 14th Ave. Parkway, Denver, CO 80204.
Detroit Institute of Fine Arts 5200 Woodward Ave., Detroit, MI 48202.
M. H. de Young Memorial Museum San Francisco, CA 94118.
Drake, Samuel Adams Heart of the White Mountains: Their Legend and Scenery. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1882.
Coe Kerr Gallery 49 East 82nd St., New York, NY 10028
Earle's Gallery Out of business. Formerly of Philadelphia, PA.
Ebert, John and Katherine Old AMerican Prints for Collectors. New York, 1974.
Emigh, Eugene and Katherine, dealers 73 Harding St., New Britain, CT 06052.
Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, M. H. de Young Memorial Museum (see above) San Francisco, CA 94118
Fine Arts Museum of the South at Mobile Museum Dr., Langan Park, P.O. Box 8426, Mobile, AL 36608.
Robert Hull Fleming Museum University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401.
Flexner, Wilder Image Flexner, James Thomas. That Wilder Image: The Paintings of America's Native School from Thomas Cole to Winslow Homer. New York, 1970.
Franconia Bicentennial Art Show Franconia, NH, 1972 (Franconia Public Library).
Frick Art Reference Libary 10 East 71st St., New York, NY 10021.
Fruitlands Museum Prospect Hill, Harvard, MA 01451.
Gallerie de Tours 559 Sutter St., San Francisco, CA 94102.
Gallery 44 Rt. 44, New Hartford, CT 06057.
John H. Garzoli Gallery 223 Masonic Ave., San Francisco, CA 94118.
Georgia Museum of Art University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602.
Thomas Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art Rt. 6, Tulsa, OK 74127.
Robert Goldberg North Conway, NH 03860.
Goodspeed's Gallery Boston, MA 02108.
James Graham and Sons 1014 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10021.
Greene County Historical Society Coxackie, NY 12051.
Gussow, Alan A Sense of Place: The Artist and the American Land. Friends of the Earth, San Francisco, CA. 1973.
Hardings Gallery Boston, MA (a nineteenth-century gallery).
John D. Hatch Gallery Lenox, MA 02140.
Jack Havrahan, Inc. Portsmouth, NH.
High Museum Atlanta, GA 30309
High Voltage Engineering Corp. 101 South Bedford St., Burlington, MA 01803.
Hinton, John Howard History and Topography of the United States of America. London: John Tallis and Co., 1830.
Hirschl and Adler Gallery 21 East 70th St., New York, NY 10021.
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560.
The Homestead Sugar Hill, NH 03585
Jackson's Final Report Jackson, Charles T., M. D. Final Report of the Geology and Mineralogy of the State of New Hampshire... Concord, NH: Carroll and baker, State Printers, 1844.
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.
Jordan Marsh Art Gallery A nineteenth-century gallery. Boston, MA.
Kennedy Galleries and Kennedy Quarterly 40 West 57th St., New York, NY 10019.
Kilbourne Kilbourne, Frederick W. Chronicles of the White Mountains. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1916.
Starr King King, Thomas Starr. The White HIlls; Their Legends, Landscape, and Poetry. Boston: Crosby and Ainsworth, 1866.
Knoedler M. Knoedler and Co., Inc., 19 East 70th St., New york, NY 10021.
Leeds Gallery A nineteenth-century gallery (Boston Public Library).
Leonard Auction Nineteenth-century auction rooms, Boston, MA (Boston Public Library).
Florence Lewison Gallery Out of business. Formerly of New York, NY.
Lion Gallery Out of business. Formerly of North Conway, NH.
Littleton Community Center Littleton, NH 03561.
Littleton Public Library Littleton, NH 03561.
Los Angeles County Museum 5905 Wilshire Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90036.
Kenneth Lux Gallery 1021 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10021.
MA Charitable Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association (Boston Public Library)
Maine Library Bulletin Portland Public Library, Portland, ME 04101.
McClinton McClinton, Katherine Morrison. The Chromolithographs of Louis Prang. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc., 1973.
Mead Art Gallery Amherst College, Amherst, MA 01002.
Merwin Gallery New York, NY.
Metropolitan Museum of Art 5th Ave. at 82nd St., New York, NY 10028.
Mount Holyoke College South Hadley, MA 01075.
Museum of Fine Arts, Springfield, MA 49 Chestnut St., Springfield, MA 01103.
Nassau County Museum of Fine Arts P.O. Box D, Northern Blvd., Roslyn, NY 11516.
National Avademy of Design 1083 5th Ave., New York, NY 10028.
National Museum of American Art 8th and G Sts. N.W., Washington, DC 20560.
New Atkins Museum of Art 4525 Oak St., Kansas City, MO 64111.
New Britan Museum of American Art 56 Lexington St., New britain, CT 06051.
New Hampshire Historical Society 30 Park St., Concord, NH 03301.
New Path The New Path, a nineteenth-century paper published by the Society for the Advancement of Truth in Art, New York, NY.
New-York Historical Society 170 Central Park West, New York, NY 10024.
New York Public Library 5th Ave. at 42nd St., New York, NY 10018.
Newark Museum 43-49 Washington St., Newark, NJ 07102.
NMAA Inventory Inventory of American Paintings, NCFA (National Collection of Fine Arts) (now NMAA-National Museum of Fine Arts), Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560.
North Carolina Museum of Art 2110 Blue Ridge Blvd., Raleigh, NC 27606.
North Conway Library Exhibition North Conway, NH 03860 (1965).
Oakes, White Mountain Scenery Oakes, William. White Mountain Scenery. 1848.
Oakland Museum 1000 Oak St., Oakland, CA 94607.
Olana (Frederic Church Museum) Olana, Catskill, CA 94607.
Olana Gallery Drawer 9, Brewster, NY 10509.
Old Print Shop and Old Print Shop Portfolio 150 Lexington Ave., New York, NY 10016.
Old Sturbridge Village Sturbridge, MA 01566.
Parke-Bernet See Sotheby PB.
Pennsylvania State University Museum of Art All That Is Glorious Around Us: Paintings from the Hudson River School. 1981. Pennsylvania State University Museum of Art, University Park, PA 16802.
Peters, Harry T. America on Stone. New York, 1931.
Peters, Harry T. Currier and Ives: Printmakers to the American People. New york, 1942.
Picturesque America Bryant, William Cullen, ed. Picturesque America: or, The Land We Live In...New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1872.
Pierce Galleries, Inc. 721 Main St., Hingham, MA 02043
Portland Museum of Art Portland, ME 04101.
Prang See McClinton.
Pre-1877 NMAA [National Museum of American Art], Index of Pre-1877 Art Exhibition catalogs, summary of paintings by subject categories, Smithsonian Institution, 1981 (see listing for National Museum of American Art).
Princeton University Art Gallery Princeton, NJ 08540.
Raydon Gallery New York, NY.
Reading Public Museum and Art Gallery 500 Museum Rd., Reading, PA 19602.
Robinson, F. T. Living New England Artists. boston, 1888.
Lauren Rogers Library and Museum of Art 5th Ave. at 7th St., Laurel, MS 39440.
Rutgers University, Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Gallery Hamilton St., New Brunswick, NJ 08903.
St. Louis Art Museum Forest Park, St. Louis, MO 63110.
Santa barbara Museum of Art 1130 State St., Santa Barbara, CA 93101.
Anthony Schmidt Collingswood, NJ 08108.
Frank S. Schwarz and Sons Dealer, 1806 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19103.
Schweitzer Gallery 958 Madison Ave., New York, NY 10021.
Sears, Clara Endicott Highlights Among the Hudson River Artists. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1947.
Shelburne Museum Shelburne, VT 05482.
Shreve, Crump, & Low, Inc. Sturbridge, MA 01566.
Signal Co. Signal Companies, Inc., Engineered Products Group (attn: Spencer Stokes), Liberty Lane, Hampton, NH 03842.
Skidmore College Saratoga Springs, NY 12866.
Robert W. Skinner, Inc. Sturbridge, MA 01566.
Sloan & Roman Gallery Formerly of New York, NY.
Smith College Museum of Art Elm St. at Bedford Terrace, Northampton, MA 01060.
Sotheby PB Sotheby Parke-Bernet Gallery, 1334 York Ave., New York, NY 10021.
Ira Spanierman, Inc 50 East 78th St., New York, NY 10021.
Victor D. Spark 1000 Park Ave., New York, NY 10028.
Sporting Gallery Middlebury, VT 05753.
Stark Museum of Art Orange, TX 77630.
Stauffer, American Engraving Stauffer, David McNeely. American Engraving on Copper and Steel. 3 vols. New York: Burt Franklin.
Stinson House George Kent, Proprietor, Rumney, NH 03266.
Strawbery Banke Museum Portsmouth, NH 03801.
John H. Surovek, Fine Arts, Inc. Palm Beach, FL 33480.
Ticknor & Co. The White Mountains, a Handbook for Travellers. Boston: Ticknor and Co., 1858.
University Art Gallery, University of New Hampshire The White Mountains: Place and Perception (1980). University Art Gallery, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824.
University of California at Los Angeles 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90024.
University of Michigan Museum of Art Ann Arbor, MI 48109.
University of Notre Dame Art Gallery Notre Dame, IN 46556.
University of Rochester (NY) Memorial Art Gallery 490 University Ave., Rochester, NY 14607.
University of Southern California University Park, Los Angeles, CA 90007.
U.S. Sanitary Commission Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture at the Studio of Erastus Dow Palmer, February 1864, for the Benefit of the U.S. Sanitary Commission, Albany, NY (Boston Public Library).
Vassar College Art Gallery Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY 12601.
Vose Galleries 238 Newbury St., Boston, MA 02116.
Wadsworth Atheneum 600 Main St., Hartford, CT 06103.
Washburn Gallery 42 East 57th St., New York, NY 10022.
Washington County Museum of Art City Park, Box 423, Hagerstown, MD 21740.
Wellesley College Jewett Art Center, Wellesley, MA 02181.
Adam Weschler and Sons 905-9 E St. N.W., Washington, DC 20004.
White Mountain Echo Published in Littleton, NH.
Whitney Downtown Gallery 55 Water St., New York, NY 10041.
Wigmore Fine Arts D. Wigmore Fine Art, Inc., American Paintings, 121 East 71st St., New York, NY 10021.
Willey Incidents Rev. Benjamin G. Incidents in White Mountain History... Boston: Nathaniel Noyes, 1856.
Willis, N. P. American Scenery; Or Land, Lake, and River. Illustrations of Transatlantic Nature from Drawings by W. H. Bartlett. 2 vols. Published at various times and bound by George Virture in London, 1840.
Withington Auction Richard W. Withington, Inc., Auctioneer and Appraiser, Hillsboro, NH.
Woburn Public Library Woburn, MA 01801.
Worcester Art Museum 55 Salisbury St., Worcester, MA 01608.
Yale UNiversity Art Gallery 1111 Chapel St., New Haven, CT 06520.