In order to understand our rapidly changing climate, we need a better understanding of how climate has varied in the past. Lake sediments can inform us about what historical climates were like and how climate has varied in the past. My research is part of a 4 year study to interpret lake sediment records from an area in northwestern Iceland.
My research is on the present day transport of materials from the watershed to Lake Vatnsdalsvatn, via the inlet river. Rivers act as highways transporting materials which eventually accumulate on the lake bottom as sediments. These sediment deposits build up overtime and offer a timeline of events occurring in the lake and the surrounding land.
By understanding how lakes and watersheds are linked in the present, it will help us understand patterns of past events which can, in turn, help us predict and prepare for the future.