by Jennifer Philion
Before the school day begins on a Friday morning at Plymouth Elementary School, Plymouth State environmental science and policy professor Mary Ann McGarry is surrounded by a group of 6th- through 8th-graders, piecing together a poster with the title “Cats Helping Birds.”
The poster is part of a landscaping project McGarry has engaged in with the school and students (known as the Bobcats), planning new tree and shrub plantings in hopes of attracting migratory songbirds and providing them with an attractive nesting spot.
The following morning, McGarry travels to PSU’s Concord classrooms, where she and fellow faculty members and graduate students are holding a weekend session with science teachers from school districts around the state in a Partnerships for Inquiry project intended to improve earth science education in New Hampshire schools.
“I get around a lot,” McGarry says with a laugh, but the work is well worth it. “As a young person I was intimidated by science,” she says. “Dedicated science teachers inspired me to persevere and eventually become a science educator, so providing rich learning experiences for young people is especially gratifying.
“I really believe in the power of partnerships and the synergy that results. I like learning from others and I try to develop supportive learning communities in my courses and outreach activities, so we can all learn from one another.”
Professors and instructors in the University’s science departments—atmospheric science and chemistry, biological sciences, and environmental science and policy—spend countless hours on campus in Plymouth teaching and working with PSU’s undergraduate and graduate students. And for many, that’s only part of their work as educators. They also plan and participate in science outreach efforts, bringing their expertise and enthusiasm about the subject to audiences from elementary school students to longtime science teachers.
A Tradition of Outreach
Environmental science and policy professor Warren Tomkiewicz has been teaching at Plymouth State for 22 years. “We’ve had some form of professional development project for science teachers every year, funded by the National Science Foundation, the state, or other organizations,” says Tomkiewicz, who graduated from Plymouth State in 1966 with a degree in biology. “There is a really long history—many decades—of science education outreach at PSU.”
This tradition is “part of the vision and mission for all of our science faculty,” Tomkiewicz says. “We’re more than willing to work with local and regional science teachers to help improve education.”
More recently, Plymouth State faculty and students have also taken science directly into local classrooms. Marguerite Crowell, a technical specialist in chemistry, began efforts five years ago to visit Plymouth elementary and middle school students for National Chemistry Week and Chemists Celebrate Earth Day; now the visits are annual events.
“Plymouth State is such a valuable resource, I thought it was important to share our knowledge directly with the community and the local schools,” Crowell says. “We want to get kids excited about—and keep their interest in—science and discovery.”
Crowell and one other member of the atmospheric science and chemistry faculty, along with two to four undergraduate students, head to the school armed with an array of activity-based, hands-on projects to engage students. For Earth Day, they work with 3rd-graders; during National Chemistry Week, they see 6th-grade students.
“It’s nice that we’ve been doing this long enough now that we’ve seen some of the same kids come through in both grades,” Crowell says. The group from PSU gives students activities that vary year to year, from building small chemical-reaction rockets to exploring environmental topics like water quality and recycling.
For Crowell, part of the fun in these events comes from watching Plymouth State students interact with the elementary and middle school children. “We want our students to reach out to the community,” she says. “With an activity like this, they realize the importance of being involved.”
Many of the students who accompany faculty members on the school trips are chemistry education majors. “We try to give them some hands-on experience in the classroom,” Crowell says. “And with these activities, we’ve also converted some of our chemistry majors to chemistry education. They have so much fun working with the kids that they decide to pursue teaching.”
It’s not only chemistry students helping with projects in the local school. Jacqulyn Huckins, who studies biology education for grades 7–12, is assisting McGarry with the songbird habitat project. When the middle schoolers seem overwhelmed with the task of organizing information on their poster, Huckins steps in to guide them: “Pick one paragraph,” she says. “Now which of the pictures we have here would go best with those words?”
Soon the students are confident enough to make decisions on their own, busily moving pictures and text around on the posterboard. Huckins watches, ready to answer questions or lend a hand. “I haven’t done any student teaching yet,” she says. “So it’s great to get some time in the classroom working one-on-one with students.”
The children are having fun as well, enthusiastically explaining the project to their friends. “We’re going to put in special plants that will give birds a place to live and have babies,” one girl says. “It’s cool! The birds come all the way here from Central America, and we’ll be able to
It’s that kind of enthusiasm that PSU science faculty members hope to inspire and strengthen in local students. “Kids are naturally curious about how things work,” Crowell says. “We need to encourage that interest in discovery and help it continue as they get older.”
Plymouth State faculty members also work on more indirect—but equally important—ways to keep New Hampshire schoolchildren interested and engaged in science. Following the logic that better science teachers will help students learn science better, they create professional development programs and training opportunities for area science teachers, working directly with the teachers and lending expertise and resources that can be hard to come by in local school districts.
Len Reitsma, professor of zoology, focuses on getting teachers out of the classroom and into the field—or forest. His three-day summer workshops, held near his home in Canaan, NH, allow teachers to camp out and participate in avian ecological research and field investigations.
Reitsma’s efforts are funded through the Wellborn Fund of the New Hampshire Charitable Foundation. He has run similar workshops every other summer for the past 10 years, working with five to 10 teachers and several PSU graduate students in each session.
The workshops are both intensive and energizing, Reitsma says. “As soon as you get a group of teachers together, they start exchanging ideas. And being out in nature, living and camping together, creates a great collaborative environment. We sit around a campfire at night and talk about teaching.”
Over the course of three days, the teachers get the experience of taking a field study from beginning to end. “They go through the entire process, from starting with a question and forming a hypothesis, to setting up experiments, collecting data, then studying the results,” Reitsma says. Some teachers create lessons based on their fieldwork results; others use the experience to create similar field-study opportunities for their students.
“Teachers really soak up opportunities to do science in the field,” Reitsma says. “And by working with teachers, you get a trickle-down effect when they can take what they learned and bring it back to their classrooms.”
Another PSU effort to improve science teaching across the state focuses on facilitation rather than fieldwork. In the Partnerships for Inquiry project, McGarry, Tomkiewiscz, and other faculty members from the Department of Environmental Science and Policy are helping teachers analyze current earth science curricula and teaching practices, and providing resources and encouragement to help effect change in places where the subject may not be getting enough attention.
In a session of workshops, groups of teachers from the Alton/Barnstead, Canterbury, Concord, Deerfield, Franklin, and Laconia districts gather to assess earth science teaching in their schools and formulate realistic recommendations for improvement.
It’s a valuable opportunity for the teachers—not only to work with PSU faculty and tap into their expertise, but also to network and see how other districts face the challenge of teaching science and meeting state testing standards. Many find common ground and inspiration in the experiences of their peers.
Jeff Jahn teaches an earth science course to freshmen at Franklin High School. The course, he says, was added this school year in response to poor state test scores. “This workshop and the process we’re going through is nice for us, because we’re starting from scratch,” he says. “It’s great to connect with other teachers, network with people from PSU, and learn about other resources from the state. We hope to continue these relationships.”
Chris Lane, who has been teaching science at Rundlett Middle School in Concord for the past nine years, has a longstanding relationship with PSU’s science faculty—in fact, he credits his undergraduate experience at PSU with inspiring him to pursue a career as a science teacher. He also got his master’s degree from the University.
“I’m always interested when the PSU science folks offer any workshops or programs for teachers,” he says. “They’re always good quality, and the offerings have been really helpful as we’ve put together our science curriculum maps in the Concord school district.”
As an educator who teaches five sections of earth science every day to 8th graders, Lane was particularly interested in these workshops. “There are different state standards for earth science for 8th and 11th grades, but the district isn’t teaching it in the high school,” he says. “So I find myself looking at the 11th-grade requirements as well, which often aren’t age-appropriate for me to teach.
“Concord is looking seriously at this issue, and a workshop like this gives me a chance to coordinate with our high school and elementary school teachers, and get ideas from what other districts are doing.”
At the workshop session, the teachers present assessments of their districts’ current commitment to earth science teaching. The next step, according to McGarry, is to determine where to go from here.
“Keep in mind if there is anything the PSU folks can help you with,” she says. “We don’t want to be intrusive, but we may be able to assist you or provide you with resources.”
A Real Difference
McGarry’s earnest, helpful manner allows her to connect with everyone from elementary school kids to long-time educators. As she and the other members of PSU’s science faculty reach out in an ongoing effort to engage children, teachers, and community members in the excitement of science, their enthusiasm is infectious.
After the Plymouth middle school students head off to begin their day of classes, chattering excitedly about colorful songbirds, their long migrations, and the big New Hampshire caterpillars they like to eat, school principal Julie Flynn stops to check in with McGarry and Huckins.
When McGarry tells Flynn how much she appreciates the students getting the time to work on the songbird habitat project, Flynn waves off the thanks and offers her own. “No, thank you, for giving the students this kind of opportunity,” she says.
“Learning that they can get involved in the real world, change things, and make a real difference—this is the kind of experience these kids will remember.”