The Ripple Effect

December, 2009

Innovative partnership helps transform education in Pakistan

by Jennifer Philion

PELI participants help PSU's Marguerite Crowell (left) demonstrate water analysis equpiment at the Pemigewasset River in Plymouth

This is not your average New Hampshire science field trip.

From the outside, it doesn’t appear extraordinary. The classic yellow schoolbus is heading out on an itinerary that gives students a glimpse of a local watershed: a visit to the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, a scenic drive through Franconia Notch, and a stop along the Pemigewasset River for a demonstration of water analysis equipment.

Nothing unusual. Until you step onto the bus.

First, the students are all adults. Some of them are high school science teachers from around the state. The rest of them are from halfway around the world—Pakistan, to be exact.

The two groups are working together on projects for an international watershed studies seminar, part of a U.S. Department of State-funded Pakistan project hosted by Plymouth State University and its sixth annual Pakistani Educational Leadership Institute (PELI).

Each summer, educators from across Pakistan travel to PSU to take part in the intensive, month-long institute, learning about American educational innovations and how to translate them for use in schools at home. The educators represent the wide range of cultures and communities that are part of Pakistan. Some come from large cities like Karachi, with an estimated population of 18 million; others come from the sparsely populated mountains of Kashmir or the deserts of Baluchistan. They are educators in public and private secondary schools and professors in teacher training institutions.

“These are remarkable people who face remarkable challenges in their country,” says Blakeman Allen, who has been director of the project since 2006. “They are so hungry to get tools to take back to their students.”

Allen works closely with the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Office of Citizen Exchanges, which provides the funding for the project and PELI, and with a partner Pakistani organization, Idara-e-Taleem-o-Aagahi (ITA) Centre for Education and Consciousness, which was founded in response to the “profound crisis of education” in that country.

“The goal is to create a far-reaching ripple effect,” says Allen. The project trains educators here at Plymouth State who in turn train other educators when they return home. PELI alumni have reported sharing their institute knowledge with more than 100,000 of their colleagues across Pakistan since 2004.

Riding along on the field trip bus, Allen’s Pakistan coordinator of in-country activities, Beena Raza, echoes the “ripple effect” message. “We want these educators to return to Pakistan and become agents of change,” she says. “We’re not just giving them a chance to take a trip; we’re making sure they take something back—that they have action plans they’ll be able to implement when they return to their communities.”

In the seats around her, PELI participants take in the scenery and get to know their New Hampshire counterparts. They discuss history, their jobs, and the weather. “Does it snow here?” one young woman asks, sending the locals into fits of laughter. They also talk about their long days in the institute—they generally are in classes and seminars for 12 to 13 hours each day.

Amra, a teacher trainer for a private foundation in Karachi that works with approximately 4,000 teachers across Pakistan, is on her first trip outside of that country. PELI’s rigorous schedule can be exhausting, she says. “We’re doing so many new things, learning, trying to keep it all in our heads. When I go to bed at night, I fall right to sleep.”

But the experience is also inspiring. “We want to make the most of every day here,” Amra says. “I will take what I learn and bring it back home to share with the people I work with.”

Associate Professor of Science Education Mary Ann McGarry, one of the PSU faculty members leading the field trip, makes an announcement on the bus: “At the next stop, we can have tea.” The Pakistanis react with cheers. Amra sinks back into her seat, smiling. “I cannot work without tea,” she says.

The bus pulls into the Old Man of the Mountain Museum parking lot in Franconia Notch State Park, where everyone gathers for tea, hummus and crackers, and ginger cookies at picnic tables shaded by birch trees. One group walks to the Old Man’s former viewpoint near Profile Lake, where the Pakistani educators admire the scenery and snap photos.

Photo courtesyof PELI.

They’re enjoying this trip into rural New Hampshire, a short respite in a fast-paced month. Along with watershed studies, this year’s institute features instruction on conflict resolution and using art in education, as well as trips to Boston and Washington, D.C., where they’ll meet with Pakistan’s U.S. ambassador. The participants also visit local schools and participate in community events around Plymouth.

“It’s been great to see the interest build in the community over the years,” Raza says. “People have been very welcoming, and the interactions help expand the views of local citizens as well as the PELI participants, many of whom come from rural areas.

“We learn that there is far more that unites us than divides us. It’s easy to say that, but difficult for people to truly understand until they’ve interacted.”

Allen also admires the effect the Pakistani visitors have had on the PSU campus and the towns surrounding it. “Wherever I am in the community, people stop to ask me how they are,” she says. “When you’re working in international issues, there are a lot of ‘one-year wonder’ projects: they happen once, and that’s it. While those can be great, the longevity of this project is admirable. PELI really is based on building relationships.”

It’s those relationships—with the participants, alumni, and ITA—Allen says, that help the PSU staff and faculty involved with the project to understand the needs of Pakistani educators and create programs that will be truly valuable for them.

“This is an extraordinary opportunity for everybody involved, in these two countries, to get to work with real people, real teachers,” she says. “They are the ones who are trying to effect change in unbelievably challenging situations.” As examples, she cites a PELI alumna who has seen the Taliban take over her girls school in the tribal areas, and another head of a tribal girls school who travels five hours roundtrip in dangerous conditions simply to get to work each day.

“What can we do to help them? What can we do to support them when they go back? These are the critical questions we try to answer.”

The project encompasses both the intensive institutes at PSU and follow-up activities in Pakistan. Part of the project’s support efforts include a three- to four-month in-country program for participants when they return to Pakistan, following up on the educational action plans they form in Plymouth and preparing them for success in their own communities. Those who have computer access also can keep in touch through a blog , and ITA offers activities and a support network for PELI alumni.

As a final step in completing their training in Plymouth, the Pakistanis gather with Allen and PSU’s “Team Pakistan” of campus-wide staff, faculty, and community volunteers—after an intense month together, everyone involved has become a close-knit group—to deliver capstone project presentations and discuss how they will use what they’ve learned when they return home.

Allen gives guests an overview of PELI and talks about this summer’s experience. The institute is about “people sharing lives and stories,” she says. “We’ve welcomed this group as colleagues and as students. They have become friends and part of our hearts.”

Raza speaks about the program’s “extremely collaborative partnership, which is truly a cross-cultural exchange.” The participants discuss the communities and jobs they will be returning to and what they hope to achieve there.

It’s a bittersweet evening of celebration and well-wishes. Before their certificates are conferred and final goodbyes are said, Kausar, a teacher education instructor, eloquently sums up the experience:

“The greatest experience we have had over here is the relationships we have built with all of you.

“The institute doesn’t stop here. It goes on in various directions and various ways. From here onward, what we’re raring to do is carry this experience forward and share what we have learned here—not just the classroom learning, but the whole experience. That is going to have a ripple effect.

“We come from geographic areas all over Pakistan, from all different positions. We are able to influence many, many educators. We have come up with plans that relate to our own particular contexts.

“These ideas won’t only stay in educational institutions. They will affect the general public. All of this translates into us being ambassadors for a new way of thinking, a new way of practice … breaking down cultural barriers to be able to work at grassroots levels. To be teachers without frontiers.

“And I hope we are successful.”

Photo courtesy of PELI.

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