Faculty are an integral part of academic advising, and it is critical that they be involved. Advising, effectively delivered, can be a powerful influence on student development and learning, and therefore, be a potent retention force on campus. Academic advising is the best source for accomplishing the task of focusing on services that enable students to clarify their educational and career goals and relate those goals to academic offerings, the route to retention. The advisor is key to this process.
Definition of Academic Advising:
“Academic advising is a developmental process which assists students in the clarification of their life/career goals and in the development of educational plans for the realization of these goals. It is a decision-making process by which students realize their maximum educational potential through communication and information exchanges with an advisor; it is ongoing, multifaceted, and the responsibility of both student and advisor. The advisor serves as a facilitator of communication, a coordinator of learning experiences through course and career planning and academic progress review, and an agent of referral to other campus agencies as necessary.”
- David S. Crockett
The developmental approach to advising goes beyond requirements and registration. It is a person-centered approach that integrates these activities, while also clarifying values, providing information about educational options, and monitoring the student’s educational progress. The main goal is to establish a personal and caring relationship between student and advisor. Developmental advising can promote retention since it provides the personal touch that many students need in order to adjust and succeed in the educational process. Research shows that if students establish a one-on-one rapport and relationship with at least one individual on campus, they are more likely to stay.