Abdominal Pain

Constipation

Constipation results from not drinking enough fluids, not eating enough dietary fiber, not being active enough, and from misusing laxatives. Symptoms of constipation are:

  • a hard time passing stool, not being able to pass stool, and/or having very hard stools
  • straining to have a bowel movement
  • abdominal swelling or feeling of continued fullness after passing stool

Self Care for Constipation

  • at foods high in fiber: bran; whole-grain breads and cereals; and fresh fruits and vegetables
  • drink at least 1 1/2 to 2 quarts of water and other liquids every day; hot water, tea, or coffee may help stimulate the bowel
  • get plenty of exercise
  • don’t resist the urge to have a bowel movement
  • antacids and iron supplements can be binding; if you get constipated easily, discuss the use of these with your health care provider
  • Don’t use “stimulant” laxatives, such as Ex-Lax, or enemas without your provider’s okay. Long-term use of them can make you even more constipated and lead to a mineral imbalance and reduced nutrient absorption. If needed, take an over-the-counter bulk-forming laxative, such as Metamucil.

Menstrual Cramps in Females

Hormones cause the uterus to go into spasms. Premenstrual bloating increases the abdominal pain. Symptoms of menstrual cramps are:

  • mild to severe abdominal pain
  • back pain, fatigue, and/or diarrhea

Self Care for Menstrual Cramps

  • drink hot tea (regular, chamomile, or mint)
  • hold a heating pad or hot water bottle on your abdomen or lower back
  • take a warm bath
  • gently massage your abdomen
  • do mild exercises, such as yoga and walking
  • when you can, lie on your back and support your knees with a pillow
  • rest; avoid stress as your period approaches

In Plymouth Magazine

Example Image

Generous Nature

To honor her mother’s memory, Shaughn Bolton established a scholarship to support environmental science and policy students—tomorrow’s environmental leaders.

Example Image

Student Spotlight: Mae Williams ’14G A Twenty-first-century Preservationist

When Mae Williams ’14G enrolled in the Master of Arts in Historic Preservation program in the fall of 2012, she was drawn to the strength of a program in which, she says, “The professors are not academics locked away amidst a pile of books, but are actually out in the field on a daily basis, […]

Example Image

PEOPLE FIRST: The Presidency of Sara Jayne Steen

In her introductory remarks for her first Faculty Day on August 23, 2006, President Steen said, “PSU’s future is something we’ll shape together.” What follows are just some of the many initiatives launched and nurtured during her presidency, as told by the people who worked with her to shape them.