Exploration & Discovery

Exploration & Discovery Cluster

The Exploration and Discovery integrated cluster embraces scholarship, research and experiential learning in all their forms. Faculty in the sciences, the humanities, and other fields use their expertise to work independently or in collaboration with each other, students, and outside partners to promote learning, the advancement of knowledge, and service. Together, they explore natural, societal, cultural, educational, and other questions of their interest. They also engage in academic activities that promote curiosity and inquiry-based learning, and through their scholarship contribute to the betterment of society, locally and beyond.

Undergraduate Degree ProgramsGraduate Degree ProgramsMinorsCluster Projects

ANTHROPOLOGY/SOCIOLOGY

APPLIED ETHICS

BIOLOGY

CHEMISTRY

HISTORY

MATHEMATICS EDUCATION K-8   

MATHEMATICS EDUCATION 7-12 

MATHEMATICS: GENERAL  

MATHEMATICS: TECHNICAL  

PHILOSOPHY   

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

PSYCHOLOGY 

Anthropology/Sociology

Anthropology/Sociology Minor

15 credits

Requirements

Credits

AN 2210 Cultural Anthropology (GACO) 3
SO 2220 Foundations of Sociology (DICO) 3
AN/SO 3000/4000 level Anthropology or Sociology courses 9
Applied Ethics
Biology

Biology Minor

20 credits

Requirements

Credits

Complete eight credits from one of the following sequences: 8
BI 1110 Biological Science I (TECO)  and
BI 1120 Biological Science II  or
BI 2110 Human Anatomy and Physiology I  and
BI 2120 Human Anatomy and Physiology II  and
BI 2130 Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory I  and
BI 2140 Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory II
BI 1000/2000 level Biology course 4
BI 3000/4000 level Biology courses 8
A maximum of four credits taken in Scientific Inquiry Direction (BIDI) courses can be applied towards the Biology minor.
It is also recommended that students contact the Chair of the Department.

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

Chemistry

Chemistry Minor

20 credits

Students should take eight credits of lower-level (1000/2000) general chemistry and 12 credits of upper-level (3000/4000) courses consisting of organic/upper-level chemistry courses in order to complete this minor. It is also recommended that students contact the Department Chair.

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

History

History Minor

15 credits

The History minor requires a minimum of 15 credit hours.

Requirements

Credits

0-6 credits in HIDI courses
0-6 credits in 2000 level History courses
15-6 credits in 3000/4000 level History courses

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

Mathematics Education: K–8

Mathematics Education K-8 Minor

18 credits

Requirements

Credits

Certification to teach mathematics does not result from completing this minor. A person desiring certification to teach mathematics must complete a mathematics teacher preparation program.
MA 2110 Mathematics for PreK-Grade 3 Educators 4
MA 2120 Mathematics for Grades 4-6 Educators (QRCO) 4
MA 3050 Introduction to Mathematics Education 3
Complete one of the following: 3
MA 2300 Statistics I (QRCO)
MA 3500 Probability and Statistics for Scientists
Complete one of the following: 4
MA 2140 Precalculus (QRCO) (TECO)
MA 2490 Applied Calculus I (QRCO)
MA 2550 Calculus I (QRCO)

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

Mathematics Education: 7–12

Mathematics Education 7-12 Minor

18 credits

Requirements

Credits

Certification to teach mathematics does not result from completing this minor. A person desiring certification to teach mathematics must complete a mathematics teacher preparation program.
MA 3050 Introduction to Mathematics Education 3
MA 3230 College Geometries (TECO) (WRCO) 4
MA 3500 Probability and Statistics for Scientists 3
Complete one of the following: 4
MA 2490 Applied Calculus I (QRCO)
MA 2550 Calculus I (QRCO)
Complete one of the following: 4
MA 2500 Applied Calculus II (QRCO)
MA 2560 Calculus II (QRCO)

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

Mathematics: General

General Mathematics Minor

17 credits

Requirements

Credits

MA Mathematics courses above MA3100 6
Complete one of the following: 3
MA 2300 Statistics I (QRCO)
MA 3500 Probability and Statistics for Scientists
Complete one of the following: 4
MA 2490 Applied Calculus I (QRCO)
MA 2550 Calculus I (QRCO)
Complete one of the following: 4
MA 2500 Applied Calculus II (QRCO)
MA 2560 Calculus II (QRCO)

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

Mathematics: Technical

Technical Mathematics Minor

15 credits

Requirements

Credits

MA 2550 Calculus I (QRCO) 4
MA 2560 Calculus II (QRCO) 4
Complete seven credits from the following: 7
MA 3120 Linear Algebra
MA 3500 Probability and Statistics for Scientists
MA 3510 Differential Equations
MA 3540 Calculus III
MA 4350 Probability Theory
MA 4430 Numerical Analysis (TECO)
Note: 3000 and 4000 level courses listed in the minor have prerequisites.

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

Meteorology
Neuroscience

Neuroscience Minor

18 credits

Requirements

Credits

BI 4780 Neurobiology (WRCO) 4
PS 3600 Behavioral Neuroscience 3
Complete one of the following: 3
BI 4950 Undergraduate Research
PS 4940 Independent Research in Psychology
Complete two of the following: 8
BI 2120 Human Anatomy and Physiology II  and
BI 2140 Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory II
BI 4760 Animal Behavior (WRCO)
PS 3210 Learning
PS 3220 Cognitive Psychology
The prerequisites for the courses in this minor can be found in the course descriptions outlined in this Catalog. Prerequisites include: BI 2110, BI 2130, PS 2010, junior or senior Biology or Psychology major, permission of instructor or (Chair or faculty research mentor).

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

Philosophy

Philosophy Minor

15 credits

Requirements

Credits

PY 1010 Ultimate Questions (GACO) 3
PYDI 1130 Ethics and Everyday Life (SSDI) 3
PY 3000/4000 level Philosophy courses 6
Complete one of the following: 3
PYDI 1030 Thinking for Yourself (SSDI)
PY 2310 Elements of Logic (QRCO)

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

Physics
Political Science

Political Science Minor

15 credits

Requirements

Credits

The Political Science minor requires a minimum of 15 credits in Political Science, of which at least nine must be at the 3000/4000 level.

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

Psychology

Psychology Minor

19 credits

Requirements

Credits

PS 2010 Introduction to General Psychology 3
PS 2050 Life-Span Developmental Psychology 3
PS any Psychology course 3
Complete one of the following: 3
PS 3030 Social Psychology
PS 3340 Personality
Complete two of the following – (one must be PS 3210 or PS 3220): 7
PS 3210 Learning
PS 3220 Cognitive Psychology
PS 3260 Perception
PS 3600 Behavioral Neuroscience

*All course information is from the 2016-2017 Catalog.

Growing NHDNH Phase 1
Project Submitter
John Krueckeberg
jkrueckeberg@plymouth.edu

Project Description: To build a strong connection between PSU and the New Hampshire Historical Society, this project creates a relationship between the two entities via an experiential learning project conducted in partnership with the nation’s exemplary National History Day (NHD) program run collaboratively by the University of Minnesota and the Minnesota Historical Society, a model public university/state-historical-society enterprise that uses college students in open-lab-like settings to reach over 25,000 secondary students each year.1 This grant will help the state-wide program sponsored by PSU, National History Day in New Hampshire (NHDNH), grow strategically by funding phase I of an envisioned multi-year growth plan.

This year’s project, phase I, will utilize a matching grant from the Minnesota Historical Society so as to integrate four members of three entities. From PSU a history professor from the Exploration & Discovery Cluster will join with a social studies education professor in the Education, Democracy, & Social Change Cluster; they will collaborate with the education outreach director of the New Hampshire Historical Society, and all three will work with the education outreach director of the Minnesota Historical Society who holds a joint appointment as a history professor at the University of Minnesota. In the fall the three NH participants will spend five days/four nights in Minnesota learning how the university and society work together, fulfilling each institution’s public mission through a collaborative effort. In addition to tours of facilities and meetings with key stakeholders, the NH participants will participate in statewide programming (in rural and urban settings) so as to witness the ways the Minnesota History Day program integrates college students with historical society resources so as to teach (and hone) career-preparing and college-level skills for secondary students.

In the spring the Minnesota participant will follow-up with several days of on-site visits with the NH Historical Society and PSU participants, providing valuable and professional feedback, follow-up, and his perspectives towards growing PSU’s NHD program (NHDNH) in “open lab” ways with a strong PSU-New Hampshire Historical Society partnership. Also the two PSU investigators will travel to the University of Maryland at College Park to visit the national headquarters of the NHD program, attend teacher workshops which they can model in NH, and expose the program at the national level to the PSU coordinator of the Social Studies Education major.