Biology Courses

2017-18 Catalog

BI 1110   Biological Science I
4 credits

Covers the fundamentals of living systems, beginning with coverage of the chemistry of life and cell structure and then focuses on genetic systems. The laboratory component involves student projects that complement the lecture portion of the course. Biological Science I and II can be taken in any sequence. Additional course fee required. Falls.

Prerequisite(s): Biology majors or minors, or Chemistry majors. (TECO)

BI 1120 Biological Science II
4 credits

Covers the evolution, diversity, ecology and functioning of living systems, with a focus on both plants and animals. The laboratory component of the course involves student projects that complement the lecture portion of the course. Biological Science I and II can be taken in any sequence. Additional course fee required. Springs.

Prerequisite(s): Biology majors or minors, Chemistry majors, or Environmental Science and Policy majors.

BIDI 1220 Biology Core Concepts: Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior
3 credits

Explores the core concepts of ecology, evolution, and behavior of organisms through a combination of laboratory, discussion, reading, and lecture. Topics include speciation, natural selection, adaptation, competition, predation, and the mechanics and ecology of behavior. Unity and diversity of life are emerging themes. Not open to students who have earned credit for BIDI 1020. Additional course fee required. Falls. (SIDI)

BIDI 1320 Biology Core Concepts: Cells, Genes, and Biotechnology
3 credits

Provides an understanding of the basis of the scientific method and the kinds of questions that science can and cannot address, while exploring topics in photosynthesis and cellular respiration, cellular structure and processes, the structure and function of genes, DNA, and select topics in biotechnology. Regularly involves discussions of the bioethical implications of our growing knowledge and application of technologies involving manipulation of cellular and genetic processes. Provides hands-on experiences in a laboratory setting to conduct basic experiments that elucidate the structure of cells and the function of genes. Not open to students who have earned credit for BIDI 1010. Additional course fee required. Springs. (SIDI)

BIDI 1400 Plagues and Peoples
3 credits

One of the important influences on the course of human history has been the outbreak of infectious diseases. From the Plague of Athens during the Peloponnesian War, to the Bubonic Plague of the European Middles Ages, to Yellow Fever during Napoleon’s campaign to control his new world possessions, infectious diseases have often been a major factor in determining the outcome of human events. Focuses on infectious disease outbreaks through history, including modern outbreaks such as AIDS. The emphasis is on the diseases and the way in which they enter the human experience, as well as their direct impact on human populations to influence the course of history. Political, social and cultural forces are considered. Not open to students who have earned credit for BI 1350. Falls and Springs. (PPDI)

BIDI 1500 Insects and Society
3 credits

An exploration of human interactions with and attitudes toward insects from different perspectives. Investigates roles of insects in areas including agriculture, artistic expression, commercial products, and health, and how and why societies have responded to varying interactions with insects in different ways. Through this exploration, students consider how our concept of self is shaped by interactions with other species. Falls and Springs. (SSDI)

BIDI 2010 Human Biology I
4 credits

Focuses on human anatomy and physiology with emphases on ethics, the environment and related health and wellness issues. Starts with an overview of basic cell chemistry and biology including DNA, cell division and cancer. Explores the 4 major types of tissue type, followed by the integument, the skeletomuscular system and its interaction with the nervous system. Addresses developmental processes throughout. Covers human evolution and ecology with a focus on the global environment. The lab component examines the structure and function of the human body by studying anatomical structure, virtual and inquiry based physiological experiments and continues emphasis on ethics, the environment and related health and wellness issues. Topics studied include cell biology, cell reproduction, tissues, the skeleton, articulations, muscle tissue and muscles. Human Biology I and II can be taken in any sequence. Additional course fee required. Falls. (SIDI)(WECO)

BIDI 2020 Human Biology II
4 credits

Focuses on human anatomy and physiology with continuing emphasis on ethics, the environment and related health and wellness issues. Starts with a detailed exploration of nervous tissue and the nervous system. Examines the structural and functional relationships between the different components of the endocrine, respiratory, cardiovascular, immune, lymphatic, digestive, reproductive and excretory systems. Addresses developmental processes throughout. Covers human evolution and ecology with a focus on local and global environments. The lab component examines the structure and function of the human body by studying anatomical structure, virtual and inquiry based physiological experiments and continues emphasis on ethics, the environment and related health and wellness issues. Topics studied include neurons, nervous tissue, the central nervous system, and the endocrine, respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, reproductive and excretory systems. Human Biology I and II can be taken in any sequence. Additional course fee required. Springs. (SIDI) (WECO)

BI 2030 Invertebrate Zoology
4 credits

The vast majority of described animal species are invertebrates, and this course offers an introduction to their diversity. The morphology, ecology, and evolution of invertebrate phyla are investigated and discussed through lectures and readings. The laboratory component includes field work, data analysis, and the examination of preserved specimens. Additional course fee required. Fall of even years.

BI 2040 Vertebrate Zoology
4 credits

The classification, evolution, functional anatomy and development of selected representatives of the vertebrate phyla are considered. Additional course fee required. Spring of odd years.

BIDI 2050 Plants and Society
3 credits

Students discuss how human interactions with plants have influenced human perception and impacted the development of human societies from pre-historic to modern times. The biology of plants (how they grow, reproduce, and function) and human cultivation and use of plants for food, fiber, medicine and recreation are explored in the context of their consequences in shaping human perception of self, culture and society. Springs. (SSDI)

BI 2070 Botany
4 credits

An overview of plants through study of their anatomy, physiology, and morphogenesis and how these aspects relate to the broad concepts of botanical science and how they can be used to identify aspecies in the local flora (New Hampshire and environs). Laboratories for experimentation and illustration. Additional course fee required. Spring of even years.

BI 2110   Human Anatomy and Physiology I
3 credits

Students study the structure and function of the human body. Examines major body systems from the perspective of how anatomical structure is integrated with physiological function. Starts with an overview of the basic cell chemistry and biology. Explores the 4 major tissue types, followed by the integument, the skeletomuscular system and its interaction with the nervous system. Discusses developmental processes throughout. Falls.

Corequisite(s): BI 2130.

BI 2120 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
3 credits

Students study the structure and function of the human body. Examines major body systems from the perspective of how anatomical structure is integrated with physiological function. Starts with a detailed exploration of nervous tissues and the nervous system. The structural and functional relationships between the different components of the endocrine, respiratory, cardiovascular, immune, lymphatic, digestive, reproductive and execratory systems are then examined. Discusses developmental process throughout. Springs.

Prerequisite(s): BI 2110 and 2130. Corequisite(s): BI 2140.

BI 2130 Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory I
1 credit

An examination of the structure and function of the human body. Laboratory supports the corequisite lecture with a hands-on look at both the anatomy and physiological processes of cell biology, cell reproduction, the skeleton, articulations, muscles, and muscle tissue. Additional course fee required. Falls.

Corequisite(s): BI 2110.

BI 2140 Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory II
1 credit

An examination of the structure and function of the human body. Laboratory supports the corequisite lecture with a hands-on look at both the anatomy and physiological processes of the nervous, endocrine, respiratory, cardiovascular, immune, lymphatic, digestive, reproductive, and excretory systems. Additional course fee required. Springs.

Prerequisite(s): BI 2110 and BI 2130. Corequisite(s): BI 2120.

BI 2340 Microbiology for Nurses
4 credits

Bacteria are essential to human health and responsible for infectious disease. Introduces nursing majors to microorganisms with a particular emphasis on how they pertain to clinical concerns. Laboratory component focuses on using traditional microbiology and modern molecular biology techniques to identify unknown bacterial isolates. Additional course fee required. Springs.

Prerequisite(s): Nursing majors only.

BI 2360 Genetics for Nurses
3 credits

Advances in genetics have revolutionized modern medical approaches to diagnosis, management, and treatment of disease. Understanding the role genetics plays in human health is essential for healthcare providers. First half focuses on understanding the basic principles of human genetics. Second half considers topics related to clinical practice such as diagnosis of genetic conditions, newborn screen, gene therapy, and ethical principles of genetic healthcare. Falls.

Prerequisite(s): Nursing majors only.

BI 3035 Biochemistry I
4 credits

See CH 3035 for course description. Additional course fee required. Falls.

Prerequisite(s): CH 3370. (INCO)

BI 3025 Obesity – The Biology and Sociology of an Epidemic
3 credits

A sharp rise in obesity has left the US healthcare system overcome with increased diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The epidemic is touching every social class and sub-culture in America. Obesity has deep social stigma and a wealth of misinformation spread by the multi-billion dollar fitness and beauty industries, which makes prevention difficult. Examines the biology and health implications of obesity and examines the sociocultural causes and solutions. Falls.

Prerequisite(s): Junior status; any BI, BIDI, CH or CHDI course or permission of instructor. (INCO) (WECO)

BI 3040 Microbiology
4 credits

Modern microbiological concepts. Studies groups of microorganisms characterized to reveal their morphological and physiological nature. Emphasizes biological functions of bacteria, their occurrence in nature and their relationships to each other, as well as to other forms of life, especially human beings. Additional course fee required. Falls.

Prerequisite(s): BI 1110, BI 1120, (CH 2330 or CH 2335), and CH 2340.

BI 3050 Biotechnology
4 credits

A laboratory-intensive course designed to introduce students to basic tools used in biotechnology. Introduces methods of recombinant DNA technology in the context of a cloning project. Introduces standard techniques, such as media prep, pipetting, PCR, and electrophoresis. Specific topics include DNA cloning using plasmid vectors as well as nucleic acid isolation and analysis. Additional course fee required. Falls.

Prerequisite(s): BI 1110 and CH 2340.(WRCO)

BI 3060 Genetics
4 credits

Hereditary characteristics and contemporary views regarding basic genetic concepts. The physical and chemical nature of the genetic material, the mechanisms involved in the transmission of genetic material and the manner in which genetic principles are expressed in living organisms, especially human beings. Additional course fee required. Falls.

Prerequisite(s): BI 1110, BI 1120, (CH 2330 or CH 2335), and CH 2340.

BI 3130 Evolution
4 credits

An analysis of the mechanisms of evolution from the viewpoint of population genetics. Provides opportunities for students to examine the evidence of evolution: comparative anatomy and biochemistry, fossils and embryology; the mechanisms of evolution: variation in populations, the Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium and the forces which disturb it and the effects of selection on gene frequencies; the results of evolution. Additional course fee required. Springs.

Prerequisite(s): BI 3060 (may be concurrent) and at least 8 credits in Biology at the 2000 level or higher.

BI 3210 Tropical Biology
4 credits

The diversity of life and basic ecological processes of tropical ecosystems are investigated through readings and field studies. Examines both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Early Springs of even years. Prerequisite(s): permission of the instructor.

BI 3240 Conservation
3 credits

An examination of the interdependence of all species on Earth, the current trend in loss of biodiversity, the causes for this trend, with special attention to global economics, value systems, resource consumption patterns and the interface between all 3 of these and cultural diversity. The ecology and mechanisms of species extinction are covered in depth. Alternative paradigms are discussed. Not open to students who have earned credit for BI 2240. Falls.

Prerequisite(s): Junior or Senior status. (DICO)(GACO)(INCO)

BI 3250 Ornithology
4 credits

An introduction to ornithology including bird identification, external and internal features, locomotion, behavior, reproduction, migration, feeding habits and distribution of species. Additional course fee required. Spring of even years.

BI 3260 Freshwater Ecology
4 credits

An examination of the ecology of freshwater environments through lectures, readings, discussions, field activities, and data analysis. Explores the physical features of different freshwater systems and their ecological implications as well as the characteristics and ecological roles of major groups of freshwater organisms. Discusses environmental issues related to freshwater ecology. Additional course fee required. Fall of odd years.

BI 4050 Ecology
4 credits

An introduction to the fundamental ecological concepts which illustrate the complex interrelationships of living organisms with each other and with the non-living environment. Laboratory time used for field work, experimentation and analysis of data. Additional course fee required. Falls.

Prerequisite(s): 2 upper-level biology courses. (QRCO)(WRCO)

BI 4100 Cell Structure and Function
4 credits

Addresses the diversity of form and function found in the basic units of life, the cells. The first segment centers on the various techniques, especially electron microscopy, which are used to study microscopic anatomy. The components, organelles, which comprise a “generalized cell,” are examined and their functional relationships discussed. The second segment centers on the structural differences between tissues of the body (classical histology). Finally, this knowledge of cell and tissue structure is employed to understand organs and organ systems. This course is not purely morphological. Examines the development and functional properties of these systems. Laboratory. Additional course fee required. Springs.

BI 4150 Developmental Biology
4 credits

Structured as an experimental approach to animal development with both lecture and laboratory components. Topics covered focus on genetic, molecular and cellular phenomena during development and include gametogenesis, fertilization, cleavage, cell determination, pattern formation, gastrulation, organ-system development and differentiation. Explores development with a case study approach in a suite of invertebrate and vertebrate models. Integrates developmental patterns and processes into the modern idea of the developmental mechanisms of evolutionary changes. Additional course fee required. Fall of odd years.

Prerequisite(s): BI 1110 and BI 1120.(WRCO)

BI 4170 Ecology and Development
4 credits

Exposes students to the integrative field of ecological developmental biology, a field that focuses upon the impact of the environment on development. Explores a suite of modern studies of developmental phenomena that link across multiple levels of biological complexity. Builds strong writing skills. Fall of even years.

Prerequisite(s): junior or senior status; sophomores with permission of instructor only. (WRCO)

BI 4188 Molecular Biology
4 credits

Covers an in-depth analysis of gene function at the molecular level. Studies, in a seminar-style approach, the mechanisms of DNA replication, repair, transcription, protein synthesis, and regulation. Laboratory component is project-based, allowing students to advance their molecular skills using a combination of tools, such as RNA interference and quantitative PCR. Additional course fee required. Springs.

Prerequisite(s): (BI 3060 or CH 3020),(CH 2330 or CH 2335), and CH 2340.

BI 4190 Introduction to Research
2 credits

See CH 4190 for course description. Springs.

BI 4200 Senior Research
4 credits

Guided research in the biological sciences. Students are expected to pursue in-depth a research project in the biological sciences under the direct supervision of a Biological Sciences Department faculty member. Work accomplished is reported in a written paper and in a formal oral seminar presentation in the Biology Seminar course. Credit is given either for work done during the summer between the junior and senior years and/or during the fall of the senior year. Additional course fee required.

Prerequisite(s): permission of the Department Chair and Faculty Supervisor.

BI 4330 Science in Secondary School
3 credits

The science programs, methods and materials used in the secondary school. Required observation and participation in secondary schools. May be taken as CH 4330. Last offering Fall 2018.

BI 4600 Internship
1-4 credits

Students engage in a work program to apply, in a practical manner, knowledge gained in major or minor coursework under the supervision of a faculty sponsor, the Department Chair and a supervising agency. Students must obtain a faculty sponsor and submit a detailed written proposal prior to undertaking the internship. Students must also submit a written report to their faculty sponsor when the internship is completed. Final approval of the internship will come from the Department Chair. Pass/No Pass. With permission.

BI 4610 Environmental Internship
4-12 credits

Students engage in a work program to apply, in a practical manner, knowledge gained in major, minor or interdisciplinary course work, under the supervision of a faculty sponsor and a supervising agency. Students must obtain a faculty sponsor and submit a detailed written proposal prior to undertaking the internship. Students must also keep a daily logbook of their working hours, tasks and duties. In addition, a written report must be submitted to the faculty sponsor when the internship is completed. Final approval of the internship comes from the Coordinator of Environmental Biology. Internships are usually completed with state, federal or private environmental programs. Also offered Summer and Early Springs. Pass/No Pass.

Prerequisite(s): approval of the Coordinator of Environmental Biology, Junior/Senior status, enrollment in Environmental or Interdisciplinary majors.

BI 4750 Plant Environmental Physiology
4 credits

Study plant physiological adaptations to environmental conditions. Understand the mechanisms by which plants sense and respond to environmental change; integrates how these responses to such varied conditions are coordinated to influence growth and development. Students learn the basics of plant biochemistry and metabolism; growth and development; water and solute transport. Additional course fee required. Unscheduled.

Prerequisite(s): BI 1110 and BI 1120.

BI 4760 Animal Behavior
4 credits The study of animal behavior offers a unique opportunity to understand the relationship between ecology, evolution, physiology, populations and individual organisms. Examines the influence of genetics and environment on animal behavior. Outdoor and laboratory investigations test specific student and/or instructor generated hypotheses concerning the causal mechanisms underlying behavior. Additional course fee required. Fall of even years.

Prerequisite(s): Junior or Senior Biology or Psychology major.(WRCO)

BI 4770 Animal Physiology
4 credits

Examines the various systems of the body including the respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive and excretory systems using a comparative approach. Discusses the control of these systems and behavior by the nervous and endocrine systems. Inherent is an analysis of an interaction between the mechanisms of homeostatic regulation and the environment. Laboratory investigations using local animals illustrate some of the principles outlined in lecture through the use of student and/or instructor generated hypothesis testing and uses modern equipment including computers, Data Acquisition Units, amplifiers, transducers, stimulators and activity monitors. Additional course fee required. Spring of odd years.

Prerequisite(s): Junior or Senior Biology or Psychology major.(WRCO)

BI 4780 Neurobiology
4 credits

Examines the functioning of the nervous system in vertebrates. The fundamental principles underlying membrane potentials, action potentials, and conduction are followed by mechanisms of communication between single cells and groups of cells. Different aspects of sensory, motor, and integrative physiology are discussed and the role of specific parts of the brain is explored. The laboratory portion is used to demonstrate important principles. Students use Data Acquisition Units, oscilloscopes, manipulators, transducers, and amplifiers to test student and /or instructor generated hypotheses. Additional course fee required. Spring of even years.

Prerequisite(s): Junior or Senior Biology or Psychology major.(WRCO)

BI 4800 Current Environmental Issues
3 credits

Intended primarily for seniors in the Environmental Biology degree program, a capstone course in which students and faculty examine the main issues that face ecologists, biologists and policymakers regarding the health of the biosphere. The current state of scientific understanding of such issues as global warming, ozone depletion, acid deposition, loss of biodiversity, pollution and desertification is elucidated through a combination of lectures, student presentations, seminars and discussions. Springs.

Prerequisite(s): Biology majors only, Junior/Senior status.

BI 4910 Independent Study
1-4 credits

Studies undertaken are defined by students concerned and subject to approval by appropriate staff members. Work may involve reading, conferences, historical, experimental or theoretical projects, field investigations, statistical surveys, or combinations of the foregoing, or other activities deemed appropriate. Consent required of the instructor who will supervise the independent study and the Department Chair.

BI 4950 Undergraduate Research
1-4 credits

Provides an opportunity for students to conduct biological research in collaboration with a faculty member. The number of credits corresponds to the level of effort and scope of work; 60 hours per credit. Repeatable for a maximum of 12 credits. Additional course fee required. Consent required of the faculty research mentor and the Department Chair.

BI 4970 Biology Seminar
1 credit

Reports and discussions of current literature and recent developments in the biological sciences. Presentations by seniors of their research projects. Springs.

Prerequisite(s): Biology majors with Senior status.

BI 5100 Biology Colloquium
1 credit

This course is comprised of lectures featuring prominent speakers from a variety of institutions. Pass/No Pass.

BI 5110 Cell Structure and Function
3 credits

Addresses the diversity of form and function found in the basic units of life, the cells. The first segment centers on the various techniques, especially electron microscopy, which are used to study microscopic anatomy. The components, or organelles, that comprise a “generalized cell” are examined and their functional relationships discussed. The second segment centers on the structural differences between tissues of the body (classical histology). Finally, this knowledge of cell and tissue structure will be employed to understand organs and organ systems. This course will not be purely morphological. The development and functional properties of these systems will be examined. There will be a laboratory component in this course. Falls.

BI 5130 Ecology
3 credits

Fundamental ecological concepts that illustrate the complex interrelationships of living organisms with each other and with the non-living environment will be the focus of the course. Laboratory time used for fieldwork, experimentation, and analysis of data will be incorporated. Graduate students will have additional coursework or projects equivalent to graduate level study. Falls.

BI 5140 Animal Behavior
3 credits

The study of animal behavior offers a unique opportunity to understand the relationship between ecology, evolution, physiology, populations, and individual organisms. Examines the influence of genetics and environment on animal behavior. Outdoor and laboratory investigations test specific student or instructor generated hypotheses concerning the causal mechanisms underlying behavior. Falls.

BI 5150 Animal Physiology
3 credits

This course will examine the various systems of the body including the respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, and excretory systems using a comparative approach. Discusses the control of these systems and behavior by the nervous and endocrine systems. Inherent is an analysis of an interaction between the mechanisms of homeostatic regulation and the environment. Laboratory investigations using local animals illustrate some of the principles outlined in lecture through the use of student or instructor-generated hypothesis testing and using modern equipment including computers, data acquisition units, amplifiers, transducers, stimulators, and activity monitors. Spring of even years.

BI 5160 Neurobiology
3 credits

Examines the functioning of the nervous system in vertebrates and invertebrates. The fundamental principles underlying membrane potentials, action potentials, and conduction are followed by mechanisms of communication between single cells and groups of cells. Different aspects of sensory, motor, and integrative physiology are discussed and the role of specific parts of the brain is explored. The laboratory portion is used to demonstrate certain principles and phenomena discussed in lecture. The laboratory involves a series of student-driven mini-projects. Students use computers, Data Acquisition Units, oscilloscopes, manipulators, transducers, and amplifiers to test student or instructor generated hypotheses. Spring of odd years.

BI 5170 Ecology and Development
3 credits

This course will expose students to ecological developmental biology, an integrative field that concerns the impact of the environment and ecological factors on developmental processes. The course will explore a suite of modern studies of developmental phenomena influenced by the environment and explore case studies in a wide range of vertebrates and invertebrates.

BI 5185 Molecular Biology
3 credits

This course gives students an in-depth analysis of molecular concepts in biology. A seminar-style approach will be used to examine chromosome and protein structure/function, epigenetics, mechanisms, and regulation of DNA replication, repair, transcription, translation, cell signaling patterns, and the cell cycle. The laboratory component is project-based, and particularly addresses methods in DNA manipulation, quantitative PCR, and mammalian cell culture. Graduate students will pursue activity equivalent to graduate-level study. Additional course fee required. Falls.

BI 5200 Methods in Biostatistical Analysis
3 credits

Overview of biostatistical methods including formulating hypotheses, designing experiments, and choosing proper statistical tests. Identification of tools for association, difference of means, parametric, and non-parametric data will be discussed. The style of the course will be a seminar where students will help identify content, read materials beforehand, and class time will be dedicated to discussion and active manipulation of datasets.

BI 5220 Winter Ecology
3 credits

This course focuses on Northeastern forest and aquatic ecosystem winter dynamics and will examine plant, vertebrate, and microbial adaptations to winter and snowpack environments. Other topics include considerations of the direct and indirect effects of ice and snow cover in the biosphere on “growing season” processes, landscape determination, and the consequent influence on conservation and management of natural resources of the New England forest.

BI 5380 Avian Ecology
3 credits

Avian Ecology is a field-oriented course that focuses on bird interactions with each other and their environment as a medium for understanding field ecological research. Students become familiar with local bird identification, give presentations on selected topics, assist in banding birds, and carry out their own individual research projects under the guidance of a researching avian ecologist.

BI 5560 Special Topics in Biological Sciences
1–3 credits

Lectures on special topics in selected areas of the biological sciences. May be repeated in the same or separate terms, as topics vary, to a maximum of nine graduate hours.

BI 5600 Current Environmental Issues 
3 credits

In this course students and faculty examine the main issues that face ecologists, biologists, and policymakers regarding the health of the biosphere. The current state of understanding of such issues as global warming, ozone depletion, acid deposition, loss of biodiversity, pollution, and desertification is elucidated through a combination of lectures, student presentations, seminars, and discussions. Graduate students taking the course write an Environmental Master Plan for their home town and write an additional topical paper on the issue of their choice.

BI 5610 Plant Environmental Physiology
3 credits

This course studies plant physiological adaptations to environmental conditions. The course aims to enhance students’ understanding of the mechanisms by which plants sense and respond to environmental change; and integrate how these responses to such varied conditions are coordinated to influence growth and development. To this end, students will learn the basics of plant biochemistry and metabolism, growth and development, and water and solute transport.

BI 5620 Developmental Biology
3 credits

This course will cover a broad range of topics in the field of modern and classic developmental biology. Importantly, students will learn how the scientific method is used within the context of developmental biology – the scope, questions, methods and limits of those engaged in investigations of developmental phenomena. Thus, by the end of the semester, students will possess knowledge of the history and nature of develop-mental biology as well as classic and modern approaches to studying development; understand the genetic, molecular, and cellular context of developmental processes; examine case studies illuminating the patterns and processes of development in invertebrates and vertebrates; understand key questions in developmental biology and the descriptive and experimental toolkit available to address them, i.e. the scientific method at work in developmental biology; and observe embryogenesis and post-embryonic development in several animal species in the lab.

BI 5810 University Biology Teaching
1 credit

A course designed for graduate students interested in learning more about teaching biology effectively at the university level. The format of the course will primarily be discussion-oriented with contributions from faculty both in and outside of the Department of Biological Sciences. Students should either be currently teaching or have taught at the college level. Topically the course will cover three areas: teaching and learning, the academic job market, and faculty life.

BI 5900 Graduate Seminar: Biology
1 credit

Specific topics vary from year to year depending upon the interests of the faculty and the students enrolled.

BI 5910 Independent Study: Biology
1–4 credits

Original research done in an area of the student’s choosing in conjunction with a sponsoring faculty member. Results must be presented at a scientific conference. Permission of the associate vice president for academic affairs is required.

BI 5950 Thesis Research: Biology
1–12 credits

Supervised execution of thesis research. Prerequisite: permission of advisor after submission of a thesis proposal to committee. Pass/No Pass.