Benjamin Franklin once said,“Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety.” There have often been periods in our nation’s history when the conflict between freedom and security comes into sharp relief. This is one such period. With the looming threat of terrorism, people are often willing to sacrifice some of their freedoms in the name of security. The fear of crime can have the same effect. Further complicating the issue is that the digital revolution has made online surveillance on behalf of both government and corporate institutions a reality that all of us must take into account. As we decide how to strike a balance between freedom and security, the nature of the threats to both needs to be fully explored.