Definition of a Service Animal
The ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) defines a service animal as “any dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability. The work or tasks performed by a service animal must be directly related to the individual’s disability. Examples of work or tasks include, but are not limited to, guiding individuals who are blind or have low vision, alerting individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing to the presence of people or sounds, pulling a wheelchair, or retrieving dropped items for a person with limited mobility”. If an animal meets this definition, it is considered a Service Animal regardless of whether or not it has been certified by a training program.
Emotional Support or comfort animals whose sole function is to provide emotional support, comfort, therapy, companionship, therapeutic benefits, or promote emotional well-being are not Service Animals.
See our Policy on Emotional Support Animals for more information.
The person a Service Animal assists is referred to as a partner. The partner and animal together are referred to as a team. Service Animals are working animals, not pets. Service Animals are not required to wear any special collars, vests, or harnesses. You may inquire if the animal is required because of a disability and what work or task the animal has been trained to perform. You may not ask about the nature or extent of a person’s disability.
Access rights afforded to users of Service Animals comes with the responsibility of the partner to ensure compliance with all requirements of this Policy, including but not limited to the following control requirements. The partner assumes full personal liability for any damage to property or persons caused by their Service Animal, and Plymouth State University shall not be responsible for any harm to a service animal while on campus, including but not limited to injury to the animal caused by pest management or lawn care products.
Types of Service Dogs
A service dog can be any breed or size.
Guide dog: A dog that is carefully trained that serves as a travel tool for individuals who are blind or have low vision.
Hearing dog: A dog that has been trained to alert a person who is deaf or hard of hearing when a sound occurs (e.g. knock on the door, a fire alarm, the phone ringing).
Service dog (assistance dog): A dog that has been trained to assist a person who has a mobility or health impairment. Types of duties the dog may perform include carrying, retrieving, opening doors, ringing doorbells, activating elevator buttons, providing physical support and assistance with balance and stability, assisting a person to get up after a fall, etc.
Sig (signal) dog: A dog trained to assist a person with autism. The dog alerts the partner to distracting repetitive movements, such as hand flapping, which are common among those with autism. This intervention allows the person to stop the movement. A person with autism may also have deficits in sensory input, and may need the same support services from a dog that one might provide for a person who is blind or deaf.
Seizure response dog: A dog trained to assist a person with a seizure disorder. The method by which the dog serves the person depends on the individual’s needs. Some dogs have learned to predict a seizure and warn the person in advance.
Psychiatric Service Animal: A dog trained to perform a variety of tasks that assist individuals to detect the onset of psychiatric episodes and ameliorate their effects. Some of the tasks may include:
- Reminding the handler to take medicine
- Providing safety checks or room searches
- Turning on lights
- Preventing or interrupting impulsive or self-destructive behaviors
- Removing disoriented individuals from dangerous situations
Qualifying for a Service Animal at PSU
Students may qualify for this accommodation if:
- The student has a documented disability;
- There is an identifiable relationship between the disability and the accommodation request, specifically that the Service Animal is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability; AND
- The Service Animal is necessary to afford the student an equal opportunity to use and enjoy the University.
Requesting an Service Animal at PSU
Please note that all decisions on which reasonable accommodations will be granted, including a request to have a Service Animal, will be made by the Disability Services Coordinator.
Students must register their Service Animal with the Disability Services Coordinator. Identification cards will be issued for the Service Animal and must be worn on the harness/collar, or leash at all times the animal is on campus. Plymouth State University will not be responsible for providing Service Animals to students, and will not assume responsibility for the care or maintenance of Service Animals.
Documentation is required to establish that the Service Animal is necessary for the student to live in and or attend the University.
The student may be asked to provide an authorization to allow the Disability Services Coordinator to communicate directly with the third-party provider. Click here for PSU’s Information Release Form. For complete documentation guidelines click here.
Students granted the accommodation of a Service Animal at the University are subject to the following rules and expectations, in addition to any other University rules and regulations not specifically related to assistance animals.
- While Service Animals are permitted in facilities, they must be under the full control of their partners at all times (i.e.: leashed, harnessed, or tethered).
- The animal must not be unruly, disruptive, or a direct threat to the health and safety of others.
- To the greatest extent possible, the animal must be unobtrusive to other residents.
- The partner is responsible for being aware of the animal’s need to relieve itself and act accordingly.
- The partner is responsible for cleaning up after the animal and appropriately disposing of its waste. Trash receptacles designated for animal waste should be used where available.
- The care and supervision of the animal is the sole responsibility of its partner. The animal may not be left overnight in University housing to be cared for by any individual other than the partner. If the partner is away from assigned housing overnight, the animal must accompany the partner.
- The partner is responsible for any damage caused by the animal to University property or the property of others. The University will have the right to bill the partner’s account for any unmet obligations.
- The Service Animal must meet all state and local license tag and vaccination requirements.
Public Etiquette by Students, Faculty, and Staff
Individuals should not:
- Engage in behavior that draws attention to the animal so as to cause a disruption to the class, activity, and/or event.
- Pet a Service Animal while it is Service Animals are trained to be protective of their partners and petting distracts them from their responsibilities.
- Feed a working Service Animal.
- Deliberately startle, tease or taunt a Service Animal.
- Separate or attempt to separate a partner from his/her Service Animal.
- Hesitate to ask a student if he/she would like assistance if the team seems confused about a direction in which to turn, an accessible entrance, or the location of an elevator, etc.
Areas of Safety
There are certain instances when it may be considered unsafe or unhealthy for animals in such places as medical facilities, laboratories, mechanical rooms, food preparation areas or any other place where the health or safety of the animal, the partner or others may be threatened (including, but not limited to lounges, study rooms and dining areas occupied by individuals who have allergies or other medical conditions that may be adversely impacted by the presence of an animal). When it is determined unsafe for the team to be in one of these areas, reasonable accommodations may be provided to assure the partner equal access to the activity.
Plymouth State University personnel shall not be required to provide care or food for any Service Animal including, but not limited to, removing the animal during emergency evacuation for events such as a fire alarm. Emergency personnel will determine whether to remove the animal and may not be held responsible for the care, damage to, or loss of the animal.
Removal of a Service Animal
Service Animals may be asked to leave Plymouth State University if any of the Partner’s Responsibilities listed above are violated. The partner must abide by any applicable local or state ordinance, law or regulation pertaining to licensing, vaccination, and other requirements for animals residing in housing. The University may require documentation demonstrating compliance with such regulations.
PSU Grievance Procedure
Plymouth State University is committed to providing appropriate accommodations and services to qualifying individuals with disabilities under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 including changes made by the ADA Amendments Act of 2008. Contact the Vice President for Student Affairs and 504 Coordinator, Dr. Jim Hundrieser (603) 535-2240, if you believe your rights have been violated or are a person dissatisfied with a decision concerning a Service Animal.
If a request has been granted for a Service Animal, the approval has been granted for that specific animal only for the designated academic year. Requests for another animal or subsequent housing assignments must follow the same procedures, as outlined in this policy and will be determined following the same guidelines.
Questions related to the use of Service Animals on campus should be directed to the following contacts:
Lindsay Page, Disability Services Coordinator, PASS Office
Caryn Ines, Director, Human Resources
Katie Caron, Manager, Campus Environmental Health & Safety
Mark Fischler, Interim Vice President for Student Affairs
Reviewed by USNH Legal Counsel February 15, 2016