Online/ Museum of the White Mountains, Main Gallery
Co-curated by Kimberly Ritchie
Launching October 14
This exhibition features environmental artwork from Kimberly Ritchie’s recent sabbatical experiences in Greece and Iceland. The exhibit also highlights faculty led, student made, collaborative work from interdisciplinary projects across campus, involving the intersection of the human race and the natural world that impacts endangered, invasive, undiscovered, and evolving species.
This exhibition is installed in the Main Gallery of the MWM building and can be visited in person by Plymouth State University students, faculty & staff with a valid PSU ID, Monday – Friday between 9am and 5pm.
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WALK THROUGH THE EXHIBITION
Science inspires Art. The natural world and its systems have motivated Artist and PSU Professor Kimberly Ritchie’s art practice, leading her to explore at-risk environments, and to experiment with communicating ecologies via a mixture of media including printmaking, photography, and sculptural objects. Her passion for bridging disciplines in her work infuses her teaching through cluster connected class projects.
Over the past few years I have been working collaboratively with my classes, combining environmental research with art based concepts to create cluster project-based work. For two years I worked with my Plymouth State University First Year Seminar/Tackling a Wicked Problem courses, Art and the Natural Environment, in creating two separate endangered species exhibitions.
The first year focused on global endangered animal species that developed into a multi-faceted cluster project and exhibition, Vanishing Act, in the Silver Center for the Arts.
The second year, the class focused on a regional environmental topic, endangered New England plant species. This developed into an exhibition, Uprooted, at PSU’s Lamson Library as well as selected artworks in this exhibition.
In both exhibitions, students created wall art murals using hand cut vinyl decals. Students presented their artwork paired with their scientific research on endangered New England plant species and global endangered animals. The student research resulted in a common conclusion that the species were becoming endangered due to human impact on the landscape through deforestation, farming, and residential and commercial development, which has devastated habitats. Students discovered that the most important components to reflecting on species loss is to educate others, bring awareness, and create action.
For these projects, vinyl backings from earlier Vanishing Act and Uprooted exhibitions (which were destined for the trash) were used the cut-outs as a layer in multiple layered silkscreen and cyanotype plant prints. These works are a true collaboration with my classes in every way. My environmental art practice and my teaching practice are deeply connected. I continue to be inspired by my students and am always looking for ways to collaborate with them.
Kimberly Ritchie’s Art Foundations 2D: Composition and Content courses explored undiscovered species through the element of art: shape. As part of the brainstorming process for this project the class visited the PSU greenhouse on the rooftop of Boyd Science Building, where they were inspired and began work on abstracting observational plant drawings.
The color red was selected for this mural installation to highlight the intensity and impact of our local New England endangered plant species.
During my Spring 2019 sabbatical, I had the opportunity to participate in The Skopelos Foundation for the Arts’ Artist Residency on Skopelos Island in Greece. During my stay, I would walk down to the small rocky town beach on the Aegean Sea every day. Instead of searching for shells and sea glass, I collected remnants of sea weathered fragments of man-made objects like sea glass, sea plastic, wire, and rope. I began reflecting on the dichotomy of humankind’s long history of collecting sea glass as compared to finding and thinking about these modern day sea plastic fragments as treasured objects. After collecting these fragments, I would return to the studio and arrange them in various compositions on treated cyanotype paper, and develop the image through UV sun exposure. I tinted the shapes to represent the realistic salt and sun washed colors of the found fragments.
The work shown here represents these “specimens” gathered from my experience of the Aegean Sea. But similar juxtapositions of sea glass and sea plastic specimens can be found throughout the world, amounting to an alarming reality of our modern day oceans. This realization has resonated with me as being connected to my plant series work. It seems that we, humans, are the invasive species. Action is needed. Nature is deteriorating under the impact of modern society. We must push to protect nature and take responsible ownership of our actions in order to change course.
In my own work, I wanted to focus on Undiscovered Species as part of this exhibition in order to highlight the unknown elements of how earth systems work, to explore what we don’t know or understand, and to emphasize that there are still species that have yet to be discovered.
The “undiscovered” allowed me, as an artist, the freedom to simply create, letting go of reality’s constraints and inventing “species” that might be discovered.
As part of this exploration, I worked collaboratively with Denver-based artist Fawn Atencio to design plant inspired printmaking installations, sculptures, and concept prints/drawings. Modeling Nature as the essential creative and responsive force, has led me to be both more grounded in the workings within plant species’ ecosystems, and more open and aware of what might be evolving. Nature has it figured out, we humans do not. We have a lot more to learn from it.
PLYMOUTH STATE UNIVERSITY HERBARIUM
It was important for the PSU Herbarium to be highlighted as part of this exhibition to emphasize the historical collection, the scientific knowledge, and current research of plant species as important resources to understanding regional eco systems. The work that Professor Diane Jolles and her graduate student Hannah Volmer are doing brings attention to the collaborations and connections between art and science as a means of visual communication for both reflection and for a call to action.
What is an Herbarium?
An herbarium is a curated collection of preserved plant, algae, and fungus specimens used for research. Most specimens are pressed and dried, then mounted on archival paper and stored in large cabinets. The herbarium is organized like a library, where species are organized alphabetically by taxonomic family, genus, and species. Each specimen contains a label with information about who collected it and when, the collection locality, and information about habitat. The information contained on herbarium specimen labels is used to better understand spatiotemporal distribution patterns and how they have changed over time.
The Plymouth State University Herbarium is home to approximately 20,000 specimens representing more than 75% of the New England flora, and it is still growing. Of the 186 regionally rare flowering plants of New England, 68 taxa (37%) are represented by specimens in PSH. Approximately 65% of our specimens are historic, giving us insight into what the flora of New England was like prior to widespread development.
Researchers use herbaria to understand plant diversity. The modern natural historian uses a variety of tools, including genetic techniques, to better understand how species have adapted and changed in response to their environments.
Explore more digitized specimens from the PSU Herbarium’s algae collection.
The moccasin flower, aka pink lady’s slipper (Cypripedium acaule) is an iconic forest species in New England and is broadly distributed across the Appalachian Highland and Laurentian Upland physiographic provinces of North America, occurring less abundantly where Eastern Mixed Forest contacts adjacent biomes and where populations are threatened by development.
Several morphotypes of C. acaule exist, including the white-flowered forma albiflora, a taxon described from Mount Desert Island, Maine in 1894. Some people question whether the white form actually exists and whether the color is caused by a somatic mutation (i.e., whether there is a heritable genetic underpinning to this form).
Students at PSU are investigating genetic and environmental aspects of speciation in the moccasin flower. Using GIS (geographic information tools), they extract temperature and precipitation data for thousands of pink and white slipper locations and compare their preferences for different climatic conditions. Climate modelling is a critical first step for understanding lineage diversification and reproductive isolation. Students also use genetic fingerprinting to follow lineage diversification across New England landscapes. Together, these multiple lines of evidence will give us a fuller picture of the natural history of the moccasin flower.
Using specimens from herbaria and collections by students, we are investigating whether the different color forms of moccasin flower represent a species complex, a group of closely related, yet genetically distinct species that can interbreed when in close contact. Over geologic time habitats shift and members of a species complex may converge and diverge again many times, producing a pattern called phylogenetic reticulation.
Dwarf Cinquefoil Research at Plymouth State University
The White Mountain National Forest (WMNF) has the largest and highest alpine zone in the eastern US, however these areas are relatively small, the natural communities found here are rare, and many alpine plants are imperiled. Dwarf cinquefoil (Potentilla robbinsiana) is one of the rarest flowers in New Hampshire. This species is endemic to the White Mountains, meaning it grows nowhere else in the world.
PSU graduate student, Hannah Vollmer ’21G was awarded a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship to research Dwarf cinquefoil in the White Mountains. Hannah and her research on this rare alpine flower were featured on the September 30, 2020 episode of NH Chronicle.
Photos courtesy of Hannah Vollmer and Joe Klementovich.
Introduction to Permaculture, Professor Steve Whitman
Student Project Work: “Niche Analysis and Polycultures” (pdf)
First Year Seminar: Art and the Natural Environment, Professor Kimberly Ritchie
Student Project Work: “Endangered New England Plant Species” (pdf)
Squam Lakes Association Helpful Links:
Meet an Invasive Species Youtube Video Series
Guide to Invasive Species in the Squam Lakes Watershed (pdf)
Exhibition Guide (pdf)